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Title:

Recurrence of Clostridium difficile infection among veterans with spinal cord injury and disorder

Author(s):

Ramanathan S, Johnson S, Burns SP, Kralovic SM, Goldstein B, Smith B, Gerding DN, Evans CT

Year:

2014

Publication Info:

American Journal of Infection Control, 42(2):168-173

Abstract:

BACKGROUND: Recurrent Clostridium difficile (CDI) infection is a growing concern; however, there are little data on impact of recurrent CDI on those with spinal cord injury and disorder (SCI/D). Therefore, the objective of this study was to identify risk factors associated with recurrence of CDI among Veterans with SCI/D.
METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study with data from outpatient, inpatient, and extended care settings at 83 Department of Veterans Affairs facilities from 2002 to 2009.
RESULTS: Of 1,464 cases of CDI analyzed, 315 cases (21.5%) had a first recurrence of CDI. Multivariable regression demonstrated that risk factors significantly associated with increased recurrence were concomitant fluoroquinolone use (odds ratio [OR], 1.39; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.08-1.80), whereas concomitant tetracycline use (OR, 0.35; 95% CI: 0.14-0.90), and cerebrovascular accident (OR, 0.46; 95% CI: 0.25-0.85) were associated with decreased recurrence. A subanalysis in those with health care facility-onset CDI showed that increased length of stay postinitial CDI was a significant risk factor for recurrence as was concomitant use of fluoroquinolones and that tetracycline remained protective for recurrence.
CONCLUSION: Concomitant fluoroquinolone use was a risk factor for the recurrence of CDI. In contrast, tetracyclines and cerebrovascular accident were protective. Length of stay greater than 90 days from the initial CDI episode was also a risk factor for recurrence among those with health care facility-onset CDI. Future studies should focus on effective strategies to prevent these risk factors among the SCI/D population.

Link to Article:

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24485372

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