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Title:

Benefits of exercise maintenance after traumatic brain injury

Author(s):

Wise EK, Hoffman JM, Powell JM, Bombardier CH, Bell KR

Year:

2012

Publication Info:

Arch Phys Med Rehabil, 93(8):1319-1323

Abstract:

OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of exercise intervention on exercise maintenance, depression, quality of life, and mental health at 6 months for people with traumatic brain injury (TBI) with at least mild depression.
DESIGN: Treatment group participants were assessed at baseline, after a 10-week exercise intervention, and 6 months after completion of the intervention.
SETTING: Community.
PARTICIPANTS: Participants (N=40) with self-reported TBI from 6 months to 5 years prior to study enrollment and a score of 5 or greater on the Patient Health Questionnaire-9.
INTERVENTIONS: Ten-week exercise intervention program consisting of supervised weekly 60-minute sessions and unsupervised 30 minutes of aerobic exercises 4 times each week. Telephone follow-up was conducted every 2 weeks for an additional 6 months to promote exercise maintenance for individuals randomized to the intervention group.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) comparing participant outcomes over time. Post hoc analyses included comparison among those who exercised more or less than 90 minutes per week.
RESULTS: Participants reduced their scores on the BDI from baseline to 10 weeks and maintained improvement over time. Many participants (48%) demonstrated increased physical activity at 6 months compared with baseline. Those who exercised more than 90 minutes had lower scores on the BDI at the 10-week and 6-month assessments and reported higher perceived quality of life and mental health.
CONCLUSIONS: Exercise may contribute to improvement in mood and quality of life for people with TBI and should be considered as part of the approach to depression treatment.

Link to Article:

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22840829

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