Stephen Burns, MD

Stephen Burns, MD

Selected Publications

  • Chang HT, Evans CT, Weaver FM, Burns SP, Parada JP.  Etiology and outcomes of veterans with spinal cord injury hospitalized with community acquired-pneumonia.  Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2005;86:262-267. PMID: 15706552.
  • Burns SP, Nelson AL, Bosshart HT, Goetz LL, Harrow JJ, Gerhart KD, Bowers H, Krasnicka B, Guihan M. Implementation of clinical practice guidelines for prevention of thromboembolism in spinal cord injury.  J Spinal Cord Med 2005;28:33-42. PMID: 15832902.
  • Burns SP, Breuninger A, Kaplan C, Marin H.  Hand-held dynamometry in persons with tetraplegia: comparison of make versus break testing techniques.  Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2005;84:22-29. PMID: 15632485.
  • Ludwig MA, Burns SP.  Spinal cord infarction following cervical transforaminal epidural injection: a case report.  Spine 2005;30:E266-8. PMID: 15897816.
  • Burns SP, Spanier D.  Break-technique hand-held dynamometry:  relationship between angular velocity and strength measurements. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2005;86:1420-6. PMID: 16003675.
  • Kendall R, Jacquemin G, Frost R, Burns SP.  Creatine supplementation in patients with tetraplegia.  J Spinal Cord Med 2005;28:208-13. PMID: 16048138.
  • Burns SP, Yavari Rad M, Bryant S, Kapur V.  Long-term treatment of sleep apnea in persons with spinal cord injury.  Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2005;84(8):20-6. PMID: 16034232.
  • Goetz LL, Nelson AL, Guihan M, Bosshart HT, Harrow JJ, Gerhart KD, Bowers H, Krasnicka B, Burns SP.  Provider adherence to implementation of clinical practice guidelines for neurogenic bowel in adults with spinal cord injury.  J Spinal Cord Med 2005;28(5):394-406. PMID: 16869086; PMCID: PMC1808267.
  • Sepahpahah F, Burns SP, Yang C.  Role of creatinine clearance as a screening test in persons with spinal cord injury.  Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2006;87(4):524-8. PMID: 16571392.
  • Weaver FM, Smith BM, Evans CT, Kurichi J, Patel N, Kapur V, Burns SP.  Outcomes of outpatient acute respiratory illness visits in veterans with spinal cord injuries and disorders.  Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2006;85(9):718-26. PMID: 16924184.
  • Cavallaro E, Rosen J, Perry JC, Burns S.  Real-Time Myoprocessors for a Neural Controlled Powered Exoskeleton Arm.  IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 2006;53(11):2387-96. PMID: 17073345.
  • Smith BM, Evans CT, Kurichi J, Weaver FM, Patel N, Burns SP. Acute respiratory infection visits in Veterans with SCI&D: rates, trends and risk factors. J Spinal Cord Med 2007;30:355-61. PMID: 17853657; PMCID: PMC2031934.
  • Perry JC, Rosen J, Burns S.  Upper-limb powered exoskeletal design. IEEE Trans Mechatron 2007;12(4):408-17.
  • Suri P, Burns SP, Bach JR.  Pneumothorax associated with mechanical insufflation-exsufflation. Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2008;87(11):951-5. PMID: 18617862.
  • Rodriquez AA, Burns SP.  Assessment of chronic neck pain and a brief trial of cervical strengthening.  Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2008;87(11):903-9. PMID: 18787498.
  • Slack D, Nelson L, Patterson D, Burns S, Hakimi K, Robinson L.  The effectiveness of hypnotic analgesia in ameliorating the experience of adults undergoing needle electromyography.  Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2009;88(1):21-29. PMID: 18971768.
  • Weaver FM, Burns SP, Evans CT, Rapacki L, Goldstein B, Hammond M.  Provider perspectives on soldiers with new spinal cord injuries returning from Iraq and Afghanistan.  Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2009;90(3):517-21. PMID: 19254621.
  • Bates-Jensen BM, Guihan M, Garber SL, Chin AS, Burns SP.  Characteristics of recurrent pressure ulcers in veterans with spinal cord injury.  J Spinal Cord Med 2009;32(1):34-42. PMID: 19264047; PMC 2647498.
  • Evans CT, Burns SP, Chin A, Weaver FM, Hershow RC.  Predictors and outcomes of antibiotic adequacy for bloodstream infections in veterans with spinal cord injury.  Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2009;90:1364-70. PMID: 19651270.
  • Evans CT, Hershow RC, Chin A, Foulis PR, Burns S, Weaver FM.  Bloodstream infections and setting of onset in persons with spinal cord injury and disorder. Spinal Cord 2009;48(8):610-5. Epub 2009 Feb 24. PMID: 19238165.
  • Crew JD, Svircev JN, Burns SP. Mechanical insufflation-exsufflation device prescription for outpatients with tetraplegia. J Spinal Cord Med 2010;33(2):128-34. PMID: 20486531; PMC Journal - In Process.
  • Burns SP, Kaufman RP, Mack CD, Bulger E.   Cost of Spinal Cord Injuries Caused by Rollover Automobile Crashes.  Inj Prev 2010;16(2):74-8 [lead article]. PMID:
  • 20363811.
  • Evans CT, Li K, Burns SP, Smith B, Lee TA, Weaver FM.  Antibiotic prescribing for acute respiratory infection and subsequent outpatient hospital utilization in veterans with spinal cord injury and disorder.  PM&R 2010;2(2):101-109.  Published online 1/29/2010. PMID: 20117971.
  • Smith BM, Evans CT, Ullrich P, Burns S, Guihan M, Miskevics S, Lavela S, Rajan S.  Using VA data for research in persons with spinal cord injuries and disorders (SCI/D): Lessons from SCI QUERI.  J Rehabil Res Dev 2010;47(8):679-688. PMID: 21110243
  • Steeves JD, Kramer JK, Fawcett JW, Cragg J, Lammertse D, Blight AR, Marino RJ, Ditunno JF, Coleman WP, Geisler FH, Guest J, Jones L, Burns S, Schubert M, van Hedel H, Curt A.  Extent of spontaneous motor recovery after traumatic cervical sensorimotor complete spinal cord injury.  Spinal Cord  2011 Feb;49(2):257-265.
  • Charlifue S, Apple D, Burns SP, Chen D, Cuthbert JP, Donovan WH, Lammertse DP, Meade MA, Pretz CR. Mechanical ventilation, health, and quality of life following spinal cord injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2011 Mar;92(3):457-63. PMID: 21353827.
  • Evans CT, Rogers TJ, Weaver FM, Burns SP.  Providers’ beliefs and behaviors regarding antibiotic prescribing and antibiotic resistance in persons with spinal cord injury or disorder.  J Spinal Cord Med 2011;34(1):16-21.  PMID 21528622.  PMC Journal - PMC3066488.
  • Marino RJ, Burns S, Grave DE, Leiby BE, Kirshblum S, Lammertse D.  Upper and lower extremity motor recovery after traumatic cervical SCI:  an update from the National Spinal Cord Injury Database.  Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2011 Mar;92(3):369-75.
  • Weaver FM, Smith B, LaVela SL, Evans CT, Ullrich P, Miskevics S, Goldstein B, Strayer J, Burns SP.  Smoking behavior and delivery of evidence based care for veterans with spinal cord injuries and disorders.  J Spinal Cord Med 2011;34(1):35-45.  PMID 21528625.  PMC Journal - PMC3066496
  • Biering-Sorensen F, Alexander MS, Burns S, Charlifue S, DeVivo M, Dietz M, Krassioukov A, Marino R, Noonan V, Post MWM, Stripling T, Vogel L, Wing P.  Recommendations for translation and reliability testing of international spinal cord injury data sets.  Spinal Cord 2011;49(3):357-360.
  • Crane DA, Burns SP, Little JW.  Weight gain following spinal cord injury:  a pilot study.  J Spinal Cord Med 2011;34(2):227-232. PMID: 21675361. PMC Journal - PMC3066508.
  • St.Andre JR, Smith BM, Stroupe KT, Burns S, Evans CT, Cowper Riley D, Li K, Huo Z, Hogan TP, Weaver FM.   A comparison of costs and healthcare utilization for veterans with traumatic and non-traumatic SCI.  Topics Spinal Cord Injury Rehabil 2011;16(4):27-42.
  • Evans CT, Rogers TJ, Burns SP, Lopansri BK, Weaver FM.  Knowledge and Use of Antimicrobial Stewardship Resources by Spinal Cord Injury.  PM&R 2011;3:619-623.  PMID:  21777860.
  • Zariffa J, Kramer JLK, Fawcett JW, Lammertse D, Blight AR, Guest J, Jones L, Burns S, Schubert M, van Hedel JA, Curt A, Steeves JD.  Characterization of neurological recovery following traumatic sensorimotor complete thoracic spinal cord injury.  Spinal Cord 2011;49(3):463-71.  PMID:  20938451.
  • Hoffman J, Salzman C, Garbaccio C, Burns SP, Crane D, Bombardier C. Use of
  • on-demand video to provide patient education on spinal cord injury. J Spinal Cord
  • Med. 2011;34(4):404-9. PMID:21903014; PMC3152812.
  • LaVela SL, Burns SP, Goldstein B, Miskevics S, Smith B, Weaver FM. Dysfunctional sleep in persons with spinal cord injuries and disorders.  Spinal Cord 2012 50(9):682-5.  PMID: 22508535. 
  • Evans CT, Weaver FM Rogers TJ, Rapacki L, Miskevics S, Hahm B, Smith B, LaVela S, Goldstein B, Burns SP.   Guideline-recommended management of community-acquired pneumonia in Veterans with spinal cord injury.  Top Spinal Cord Inj Rehabil 2012;18(4):300-305.  PMID: 23459590.
  • Ullrich PM, Smith BM, Poggensee MS, Evans CT, Stroupe KT, Weaver FM, Burns, SP. Pain and post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms during inpatient rehabilitation among operation enduring freedom/operation iraqi freedom veterans with spinal cord injury.  Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2013 Jan;94(1):80-5. PMID: 22864017.
  • Evans CT, Rogers TJ, Chin A, Johnson S, Smith B, Weaver FM, Burns SP.  Antibiotic prescribing trends in the emergency department for veterans with spinal cord injury and disorder 2002-2007.  J Spinal Cord Med 2013 36(5):492-8. PMID: 23941797.
  • Carbone L, Chin AS, Lee T, Burns SP, Svircev J, Hoenig H, Akhigbe T, Weaver F.  The association of opioid use with incident lower extremity fractures in spinal cord injury.  J Spinal Cord Med 2013;36(2):91-96.  PMID: 23809522.
  • Carbone LD, Chin AS, Burns SP, Svircev JN, Hoenig H, Heggeness M, Weaver F.  Morbidity following lower extremity fractures in men with spinal cord injuries.  Osteoporos Int 2013 24(8):2261-7. PMID: 23392311.
  • Warms CE, Rajan S, Bombardier C, Burns SP, Schomer K, Johnson K.  Adverse Events in Cardiovascular-Related Training Programs in People with Spinal Cord Injury: A Systematic Review.  J Spinal Cord Med 2014;37(6):672-92.  PMID: 24090603.
  • Akhigbe T, Chin AS, Svircev JN, Burns SP, Weaver F, Carbone L.  A retrospective description of fracture care in patients with spinal cord injury.  J. Spinal Cord Med 2015 38(1):2-9.  PMID: 23873733.
  • Carbone L, Chin AS, Lee T, Burns SP, Svircev J, Hoenig H, Akhigbe T, Thomas F, Weaver F.  The Association of Anticonvulsant Use with Fractures in Spinal Cord Injury.  Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2013;92(12):1037-50. PMID: 24252933
  • Carbone LD, Chin AS, Burns SP, Svircev JN, Hoenig H, Heggeness M, Weaver F.  Mortality following lower extremity fractures in men with spinal cord injuries.  JBMR 2014 Feb;29(2):432-9.  PMID: 23873733.
  • Balbale SN, Johnson S, Burns SP, Kralovic SM, Goldstein B, Gerding DN, Evans CT.  Community-associated Clostridium difficile infection in Veterans with SCI/D.  Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2014;35(5):577-80 .
  • Carbone LD, Chin AS, Burns SP, Svircev JN, Hoenig H, Heggeness M, Weaver F.  Thiazide Use is Associated with Reduced Risk for Incident Lower Extremity Fractures in Men with Spinal Cord Injury.  Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2014;95(6):1015-20.  PMID 24378805.
  • Ramanathan S, Johnson S, Burns SP, Kralovic SM, Goldstein B, Smith B, Gerding DN, Evans CT.  Recurrence of Clostridium difficile infection among veterans with spinal Cord injury and disorder.  Am J Infect Control 2014;42:168-73.  PMID 24485372.
  • Skelton F, Hoffman J, Reyes M, Burns SP.  Examining health care utilization in the first year after spinal cord  injury.  J Spinal Cord Med 2014 [in press; accepted 9/11/14].
  • Bethel M, Bailey L, Weaver F, Le B, Burns S, Svircev J, Heggeness M, Carbone L.  Surgical Compared with Nonsurgical Management of Fractures in Male Veterans with Chronic Spinal Cord Injury.  Spinal Cord 2015 [in press; accepted 12/3/14].  PMID 25622728.


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